Renaissance and enlightenment

Evolutionary ideas of the Renaissance and Enlightenment

The Black Plague killed many people but ended up redistributing wealth, remapping cities, and establishing a literate middle class. Accepting in the main the sensualism of Locke and the metaphysics of Clarke and Newton, he maintains after the manner of Shaftesbury and Diderot a belief in inborn moral instincts which he distinguishes as " sentiments " from mere acquired ideas; he is true to the position of Deism in connecting this moral "sentiment " with a belief in God, and he protests against the separation between the two which the skepticism of Diderot had brought about.

Arab logicians had inherited Greek ideas after they had invaded and conquered Egypt and the Levant. Both periods have distinctive characteristics but share the notion of being periods of discovery in many aspects of life and living in this world.

Neoclassicism evolved as a reaction of society against the Baroque and Rococo periods, and was perceived as a way of returning to knowledge and a purity of form. These were evident in instrumental music, especially that of the organ and the strings.

Foremost among northern humanists was Desiderius Erasmuswhose Praise of Folly epitomized the moral essence of humanism in its insistence on heartfelt goodness as opposed to formalistic piety. To answer the increased need for labor, workers traveled in search of the most favorable position economically.

Lorenzo de' Medici — was the catalyst for an enormous amount of arts patronage, encouraging his countrymen to commission works from the leading artists of Florence, including Leonardo da VinciSandro Botticelliand Michelangelo Buonarroti.

These different perceptions allowed scrutiny and reform toward religious views and issues. Social and political structures in Italy A political map of the Italian Peninsula circa The unique political structures of late Middle Ages Italy have led some to theorize that its unusual social climate allowed the emergence of a rare cultural efflorescence.

So sublime and yet so simple does Rousseau find the Gospel that he can scarcely believe it the work of men. In England, where the classical style had resisted baroque influences, the great country houses of the nobility now exhibited a purity of design, which often included a portico with Corinthian columns.

There was also an aspect of valuing humanity, literacy, and education which became powerful tools for discovery and understanding of the world. He gloried in human impulse and intuition, trusting emotions rather than thought, the heart rather than the mind.

Mademoiselle de Lespinassethe friend and confidential advisor of Jean d'Alembertwho assisted Diderot in editing the work, turned her salon into a forum for criticizing prospective articles. Arguing that such chance seems improbable, other historians have contended that these "Great Men" were only able to rise to prominence because of the prevailing cultural conditions at the time.

This period was also anchored and celebrates the artistic side of humanity. The survivors of the plague found not only that the prices of food were cheaper but also that lands were more abundant, and many of them inherited property from their dead relatives.

Born in poverty and burdened by a dependent family, Wollstonecraft became a teacher and a successful professional writer.


By the side of the party of the juste milieu and of good sense," of which Voltaire is the most prominent representative, there arose a school which carried the doctrines of mechanism and sensualism to their furthest consequences.

Most of the philosophes relied upon such assistance. As a result of the decimation in the populace the value of the working class increased, and commoners came to enjoy more freedom. Ethical behavior to treat everyone fairly was described in treatises by Thomas Hobbes and Baruch Spinoza.

A world view is a definite set of ideals or beliefs of people in a specific period of time. The novel became a major literary vehicle in this period. Well after the first artistic return to classicism had been exemplified in the sculpture of Nicola PisanoFlorentine painters led by Masaccio strove to portray the human form realistically, developing techniques to render perspective and light more naturally.

Epidemics ravaged cities, particularly children. He was influenced by Richardson, as well as by Locke. Local economies in the West had degenerated into largely subsistence agriculture.

Carolingian Renaissance

These two disciplines bloomed in the period of the Enlightenment as well as industrialization. Bythe salonnieres, their salons, and the philosophes had made France once again the intellectual center of Europe.Though Bacon’s work belongs to the Renaissance, the revolution he undertook to effect in the sciences inspires and influences Enlightenment thinkers.

The Enlightenment, as the age in which experimental natural science matures and comes into its own, admires. The Carolingian Renaissance was the first of three medieval renaissances, a period of cultural activity in the Carolingian occurred from the late 8th century to the 9th century, which took inspiration from the Christian Roman Empire of the fourth century.


During this period, there was an increase of literature, writing, the arts, architecture, jurisprudence, liturgical reforms, and. The Renaissance (UK: / r ɪ ˈ n eɪ s ən s /, US: / r ɛ n ə ˈ s ɑː n s /) is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th is an extension of the Middle Ages, and is bridged by the Age of Enlightenment to modern grew in fragments, with the very first traces found seemingly in Italy, coming to cover much of Europe, for some scholars.

Evolutionary ideas during the periods of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment developed over a time when natural history became more sophisticated during the 17th and 18th centuries, and as the scientific revolution and the rise of mechanical philosophy encouraged viewing the natural world as a machine with workings capable of analysis.

French Deism

But. When considering three major movements in world civilization and history; Romanticism, the Enlightenment, and the Renaissance, one theme that runs throughout is that of rebellion. Jan 09,  · What’s the Difference Between the Renaissance and the Enlightenment? By Quora Contributor This question originally appeared on Quora, the best answer to any question.

Renaissance and enlightenment
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