Islamic Banking should be more closer to a venture-capitalist, crowd-funding model than traditional banking. And conduct of the bank must comply with the requirements of Shariah.
The BOD shall approve limits on aggregate financing and investment exposures to avoid concentration of risk and ensure that IBIs hold adequate capital against these exposures. While assessing and managing risk, the management should have an overall view of risks the institutions is exposed to.
In addition to the above, following general requirements shall also be taken into account by the Islamic Banks, as it is discussed in course title IBF, which is a part of Islamic finance course at AIMS. Inability to comply with Shariah requirements puts the operations of the Islamic bank at risk as the department may be regarded as non-Shariah compliant business.
There are specific Shariah requirements that takes Islamic Banking beyond banking. But such concepts will be difficult to digest if the bank is set up based on traditional banking fundamentals, which caters for a totally different profile of stakeholders.
However, the ownership of the asset will remain with the client. IBI shall ensure that staff has been adequately trained regarding Shariah principles and procedures. These personnel shall define the policies, establishes procedures, monitor compliance with the established limits and report to top management on risk matters accordingly.
Islamic Banking should be an extended but integral part of economics. Islamic Banking is supposed to be more than a bank.
Failure to ensure compliance to the Aqad requirements will lead to potential invalid transaction and loss of income or flow to charity. Looking at most Islamic Banking contracts, their structure allows for the transfer of risks, which follows the transfers of ownership, responsibilities and obligations from one party to the other.
Takaful Takaful can be used to insure a tangible movable or immovable asset.
The BOD shall approve limits on aggregate financing and investment exposures to avoid concentration of risk and ensure that IBIs hold adequate capital against these exposures. The controls shall a comply with the Shariah rules and principles; b comply with applicable regulatory and internal policies and procedures; and c take into account the integrity of processes of the risk management in Islamic banking.
It could also be used as partial settlement price for the sale of asset. Traditional banks struggle to understand issues of ownership of assets, risk and loss sharing, purchases of commodity and rental of assets. It relies on the performance of the market as well as the quality of the financial instruments price, performance, valuation, demand, yields and inability to reprice.
Integration of Risk Management: While there will be common elements of risks for both types of Banks, the importance of Shariah ruling and decisions result in Islamic Banking becoming so unique.
Islamic Banking is supposed to be more than a bank.However, the risk management framework for Islamic Banking institutions must be inherently different as well, or maybe extended to include a bigger scope.
It cannot just be seen as a replica of the conventional business; the foundation of Islamic Banking is definitely different.
10 Risk management in Islamic banking Habib Ahmed and Tariqullah Khan Introduction Risk entails both vulnerability of asset values and opportunities of income growth. Risk Management is a tool used by all conventional banking institution in the name of good governance, risk mitigation and prudent practice.
It looks at financial exposures and its inherent risks to the business, and deeply believe in the risk-rewards pay-off within the.
Risk Management in Islamic Banking 1. RISK MANAGEMENT IN ISLAMIC BANKING By: Camille Paldi CEO of FAAIF 2. BANKING RISKS Common to both Conventional and Islamic Banks, we have market, interest rate, credit, liquidity, operational, and legal risk. 3. Risk Management in Islamic Banks By Mohamed Helmy Ahmed Efficient risk management in Islamic banking has assumed particular importance as they try to cope with the challenges of globalization.
This paper highlights the special and the role of Islamic banking. Worse to mention also that’s the Islamic banking carry a unique risks more than the generic risks existed in the conventional system, but not based on the credit risk like the conventional system. and there is where the Islamic financial system derives its strength.Download